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4207 GLASS RD NE, Suite #2

Cedar Rapids, IA 52402

8:00AM – 5:00PM Monday – Thursday
Friday 8:00AM – NOON

Advanced gynecology

30 Years experience

Ovarian Cysts

woman black hair clenching stomach painOvarian cysts are growths found on or within the ovaries. There are many types of cysts. Functional cysts, which are not caused by a disease, are common and can form from ovulation. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and ovarian Cancer can cause disease-related cysts.


What is an ovarian carcinoma?

An ovarian cyst refers to a sac containing fluid or semisolid material. It forms within or on top of one of the ovaries. The ovaries, which are small organs located in the pelvis that produce female hormones and store eggs cells, are small. Many cysts are benign and normal. Functional cysts aren’t caused by disease and occur when an egg is released from the ovary. Functional cysts usually shrink over time, often within 60 days without any treatment. Although functional ovarian cysts are common, they should not be confused for other cysts that can be caused by disease. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and ovarian Cancer can also cause growths on the ovaries. If you experience any of the symptoms, consult your healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider can help you determine what type of cyst it is.


What causes an ovarian cancer?

It is unknown what causes ovarian cysts.

What are the symptoms for an ovarian cyst.

Smaller cysts may cause no symptoms but larger cysts may cause these symptoms:

  • A dull, aching feeling in the back or pelvic pain.
  • Feeling full (bloating) in the lower abdomen.
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • It can be painful.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, which can cause long-term symptoms, is possible. This condition can cause irregular periods, as well as other hormonal problems such obesity and infertility. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome also causes hirsutism, an increased growth of body hair, and difficulties losing weight.

What are the complications associated with an ovarian cyst

A cyst can rupture and cause severe pain and swelling. The cyst will often resorb on its own.


How can an ovarian cyst be diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will first rule pregnancy out as the cause for your symptoms. To diagnose an ovarian cyst, your healthcare provider may use these tests:

  • A pelvic examination: The doctor uses an instrument that widens the vagina to inspect the cervix, uterus, and vagina. The doctor will also feel the reproductive organs for any changes or lumps.
  • Blood tests: These tests measure certain hormone levels in blood.
  • Ultrasound: This is a test that uses sound waves to produce images of the internal organs of the body. This test can detect cysts in the ovaries.
  • Laparoscopy: This is a procedure that the doctor performs in an operating room. The doctor inserts a small device into the abdomen through an incision. The device allows the doctor to view the pelvic cavity and reproductive organs. A cyst can be removed if it is detected at this stage.


What is the best way to treat an ovarian cyst?

Functional ovarian cysts usually disappear without treatment. To stop future cyst formation, your healthcare provider might prescribe hormone-containing medications (such as birth control pills). Functional cysts will not form if you don’t ovulate. Sometimes surgery is necessary to remove a cyst.

What kinds of surgery can be used to treat ovarian cysts?

The size and appearance of the cysts will determine the type of surgery that is performed. These are the different types of procedures:

  • Laparoscopy: The doctor inserts a small device into the abdomen through a small incision. The device allows the doctor to view the pelvic cavity and reproductive organs. A doctor can remove the cyst by making small incisions.
  • Laparotomy: This procedure involves a larger incision to remove the cyst or cysts if cancerous.


Is it possible to prevent ovarian cysts?

Ovulation can be stopped by taking hormone-containing medications (such as birth control pills). Many women who take low-dose oral contraceptives can still ovulate. While there is no evidence to support the claim that oral contraceptives reduce the formation of ovarian cysts in women, many doctors still recommend this regimen.

When do I need to call my healthcare provider

If any of these symptoms occur, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

  • Your periods become irregular or painful.
  • Your abdominal pain doesn’t go away.
  • Your abdomen becomes swollen or enlarged.
  • It is difficult to urinate or empty your bladder completely.
  • Intercourse causes pain.
  • Feelings of fullness, pressure or discomfort in the abdomen.
  • You lose weight for no apparent reason.
  • You feel generally sick.
How Do I Make an Appointment?

Making an appointment is easy! Just give us a call at 319-200-5900 and we will set you up with one of trained staff members to talk with you. If this is your first time visisting us please fill out a New Client Form.

How Do I Make an Appointment?
How to make an appointment: Please call 319-200-5900 and one of our staff members would be happy to get you scheduled. You may also request an appointment via our online portal at (insert portal
How Do I Cancel my Appointment?
How to cancel an appointment: Please call 319-200-5900 and we would be happy to reschedule or cancel your appointment. We do require 24 hour notice if possible. 
How Do I Order Refill of my Prescription?
How do I request a refill: Please call your pharmacy and let them know you need a refill of your medication. They will then send us the information directly, ensuring accuracy and efficiency in the refill process. Refill requests can take up to 48 business hours from the date of request to be reviewed. 
How Do I Update my Information on File?
How do I update my information? You are welcome to login to our patient portal at (insert link) or give us a call at 319-200-5900 and our staff members are happy to get that information updated for you in our system.
Iowa Women's Health Center

Creating Happier & Healthier Lives for Iowa Women

Iowa Women’s Health Center is interested in talking to you about your decision when choosing which medical options are best for you.  IWHC is an advanced women’s health clinic located in Cedar Rapids, IA. We service all women through central Iowa and in neighboring states for progressive and advanced gynecological care.

We provide the latest and least invasive women’s health medicine throughout Linn County.

Please bear in mind that the best medicine is preventative medicine. IWHC is currently accepting clients so we may help you in that pursuit of a healthier and happier life.

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