IUD (Intrauterine Device) Doctor
A intrauterine device (IUD), is a contraceptive device that is placed in the uterus (womb), to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of IUDs available: the copper IUD (ParaguardTM) and the hormonal IUD (MirenaTM, KyleenaTM or SkylaTM). The copper IUD can stay in place for as long as 10 years, while the hormonal IUD can last for 6 years. If necessary, both can be easily removed.
The copper IUD, a small T-shaped, copper containing plastic device, is available in the form of a copper IUD. The copper IUD continuously releases small amounts of copper into the uterus. You can use the copper IUD to prevent pregnancy.
The hormonal IUD, is also a small T-shaped plastic device that releases progesterone slowly into your uterus. Progesterone in one of the hormones that your ovaries produce.
IUDs: How effective?
Copper and hormonal IUDs are more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
How can I use an IUD in my life?
A trained nurse or doctor inserts the IUD into your uterus. The IUD has a fine nylon thread attached which is inserted through the cervix (opening towards the uterus). You can feel the thread high up in your vagina to confirm that it is still there. The thread is difficult to see because it is so high up in your vagina.
It is a good idea to keep a log of when the IUD was inserted. It is important to remove the IUD before it expires (depending on which type it is).
Advantages of IUDs
Copper or Hormonal IUDs have many advantages:
- They are more effective than 99% in preventing pregnancy.
- They can last a long time. Mirena can last up to 5 years while the copper IUD can last up to 10 years.
- If you’re breastfeeding, they are safe to use.
- They work without the need for medication.
- They also offer another option for contraceptives if you are unable to take the hormone estrogen. The combined pill and vaginal rings contain both progestin and estrogen. The hormonal IUD contains only progestin, while the copper IUD does not contain hormones.
- Once the thread is installed, there are no additional tasks beyond checking it each month to make sure it remains in the right position.
- An appropriately qualified doctor or nurse can remove the device at any time.
- Once the hormonal IUD or copper is removed, your chances of becoming pregnant are restored to normal.
18The hormonal IUD has many advantages:
- The majority of users do not experience any vaginal bleeding or have a regular period.
- Some periods may be less difficult.
The copper IUD has many advantages:
- Women who don’t want to use hormonal contraception can choose this option.
- This is an effective way to prevent emergencies.
Are there side effects to using the Hormonal IUDs?
Possible Side effects include:
- Some users experience period cramping when the device is first inserted. This usually resolves within a few days.
- Sometimes, the IUD may come out. It is more common within the first three months after it has been inserted.
- Your period will change. 61In the first three to six months, you may experience frequent bleeding or spotting. Around 95% of users will experience a light, regular period after 6 months, and 95% will ultimately stop having a period after 6 months. This is normal and not harmful.
- Tender breasts, mood changes, skin changes, and headaches may occur. These side effects almost always resolve with time. Weight gain has not been proven to be a side effect of the hormonal IUD.
Are there side effects to using the copper IUDs?
Side effects of using the copper IUD could include:
- In the first three months, you may experience frequent or sporadic bleeding. This almost always resolves with time, and your regular bleeding pattern should return.
- Heavier periods.
Is there any risk to your health from the IUD?
About 1 in 500 people may experience a small hole in their uterus (womb), while an IUD is being inserted. The IUD may slip through the hole and end up in an incorrect place. This is when the IUD needs to be removed via laparoscopic surgery.
About 1 in 300 IUD users contract an infection after the first insert. Antibiotics can successfully treat this condition.
An IUD is unlikely to fail. If a pregnancy does occur it’s likely to be an ectopic pregnancy. The pregnancy could settle in the fallopian tube (pathway from the egg to the uterus). This condition should be treated immediately and medically evaluated.
What happens if I become pregnant while using an IUD?
It is crucial that you seek medical attention immediately. A doctor or nurse will also need to determine the location of the pregnancy.
Is it possible to use an IUD after having a baby?
An IUD can be inserted immediately after birth or may be inserted 4 to 6 weeks later.
What happens if I have an IUD and want to get pregnant?
A doctor or nurse can remove an IUD at any time. You will see a rapid return to fertility.
Contraception can also be used in other ways
There are many options for contraceptives. Talking to one of our nurses or doctors about your options can help you choose the best method of contraception for you.
You can get information from a doctor or nurse about:
- The benefits and risks of different methods of contraception
- How well each method works
- Side effects and possible risks
- Ease of use
- Cost Effective.
IUDs don’t provide protection against STIs
Protection from Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) is not provided by any IUD. It is important to practice safer sex and to avoid unintended pregnancies.
Condoms can be used to reduce the risk of STIs. Condoms can also be used in conjunction with IUDs.
Iowa Women’s Health Clinic is interested in talking to you about your decision in choosing if a intrauterine device is right for you.
IWHC is an advanced women’s health clinic located in Cedar Rapids, IA. We service all women through central Iowa and in neighboring states for progressive gynecological care.
We provide the latest and least invasive medicine throughout Linn County.