Genital Herpes: Testing & Treatment
What is the genital herpes?
Genital herpes can be transmitted as a sexually transmitted disease (STI). Genital herpes sufferers develop painful skin blisters that appear on their sexual organs. Sometimes, blisters form in the anus or on the inside. The infections may heal and then recur years later.
The virus known as herpes simplex (HSV) causes herpes genitalis. HSV can be transmitted through vaginal oral and anal sex. It is also possible to contract HSV by touching or having contact close (skin-to-skin) contacts with people who have open sores.
What are the different types of herpes virus?
Herpes is one of the infectious viruses that can create sores and blisters. The most common herpes viruses are:
- Type 1:HSV-1, or oral herpes, triggers small sores to develop on your gums, lips tongue, and inside your mouth. The virus can trigger the genital herpes syndrome in certain cases. This kind of infection usually occurs by saliva when you kiss someone who has open herpes ulcers. You can also contract HSV-1 from sharing items such as lipsticks, toothbrushes or tools.
- Type 2: HSV-2 causes genital herpes.
- Herpes Zoster: This virus causes chickenpox and shingles.
How common is genital herpes?
About 1 in 6 Americans between 14 to 49 is affected by HSV-2 The virus that causes genital herpes.
Who might get genital herpes?
Genital herpes is a problem for sexually active teenagers as well as adults from all ages and races. It is possible to contract it when you have multiple partners and do not make use of condoms such as dental dams.
Women are at greater risk. Vaginal tissue is fragile and can break which makes it easier for infection to spread. Black women are more at risk. A reported 1 out of 2 Black women aged between the ages 14 to 49 is suffering from HSV-2, a virus that causes genital herpes.
How do genital herpes manifest?
Herpes genital may infect:
- Anus, buttocks and the inner legs.
- The female reproductive system which includes the vagina, vulva, labia, (vaginal lips) and the cervix (tissue which connects the vagina with the uterus).
- Lips lips, mouth, tongue cheeks and the roof of mouth.
Is genital herpes contagious?
Genital herpes is a virus which can be highly infectious. Genital herpes can be passed on to other people or contract it from someone else who is infected. Even if you don’t show signs or blisters there’s a chance to transmit the virus to another person. the herpes virus.
Are you able to get the genital herpes of those who have cold sores?
Yes. Herpes viruses can also infect other areas within the human body. Herpes sores can develop on your genitals, if you have sex with oral fluids from someone with open sores caused by the HSV-1 virus (oral herpes).
HERPES SYMPTOMS, CAUSES AND OTHERS
How do genital herpes get around?
The herpes virus responsible for the genital herpes virus spreads through semen, saliva as well as vaginal fluids. It is possible to contract the genital herpes virus from someone who does not show any visible signs. You could be infected but not be aware of it, and be infected by someone else.
Genital herpes may spread to:
- Intercourse, which includes anal, vaginal penile, and vaginal vaginal.
- Sexual sex or oral (giving or accepting) with an infected person.
- Skin-to-skin contact with no the need for ejaculation.
- Contacting open sores, for example when nursing.
- A mother or a gestational parent who is suffering from an infection active.
It is impossible to contract genital herpes from things like toilet seats. However, you can get the virus through shared sex toys. (To be safe, clean your sex toys after you use them and do not share them with others. Should you decide to share, secure them by using condoms.)
How do I contract herpes even though my partner doesn’t have it?
Some people never develop symptoms. They may not be aware that they carry the herpes virus which causes the genital herpes. They could be unaware that they have infected others. The herpes virus for a long time without noticing symptoms, making it difficult to determine who or when you acquired it.
Do I have to get the genital herpes more often than once?
There’s no cure for HSV-1 or HSV-2 which is the virus which causes genital and oral herpes. Infections can return (called”recurrence”).
What are the signs of the genital herpes?
If you experience any symptoms, they’ll appear differently depending on whether experiencing your first herpes outbreak or a recurring outbreak. The symptoms that recur are typically milder than the initial outbreak. The symptoms do not last as long as subsequent outbreaks. There are some people who only experience just one or two instances in their entire life. Some may experience more than up to five outbreaks in a year.
What causes genital herpes to first develop?
If symptoms do occur it’s usually in the initial outbreak or the flare up (called”primary herpes”). Symptoms usually manifest in 2 to 20 days following the infection. The active symptoms can last as long as four weeks.
You may experience:
- Flu-like manifestations such as fever the chills energy and body discomforts.
- Genital irritation burning, irritation or itching.
- The pain of genital pimples and sores, which crack open.
- Urination that is painful (dysuria).
- Swollen lymph nodes.
What causes genital herpes to appear when there are frequent outbreaks?
You may experience:
- The burning or itching sensation is at the point that the virus got into your body.
- The pain in your buttocks can be caused by lower back, thighs , or knees.
- Genital sores or blisters.
What is the cause of outbreaks of genital herpes?
Following the infection, the virus is transferred through skin cells, before moving to nerve cells. Within the nerve cells, it ceases to be active (latent). Certain factors can trigger the virus, including:
- Stressful conditions
- Fever or illness.
- Anything that can weaken immunity.
- Sun exposure.
How long will herpes sores remain on your sexual organs?
The first episode can last anywhere from two to four weeks. Recurrent outbreaks typically last for three and seven days.
What are the symptoms of Genital Herpes?
Other STIs like Syphilis have similar symptoms.
HERPES DIAGNOSIS and TESTING
How do you diagnose genital herpes?
Along with an examination for physical health and a medical exam, your doctor will collect a fluid sample from the blisters in order to test on the presence of herpesvirus. If the blisters have healed , or you do not have blisters, the blood test will check for antibodies to HSV-1 and HSV-2 as a way of proving that you’ve had contact with the virus.
The blood test does not reveal any active infections (especially when there are no open lesions or sores). However, it does inform your physician that you’ve been exposed to herpes virus before. If you’re experiencing your first herpes infection then you’re likely to not test positive for herpes as there’s not sufficient time to allow your body’s body to create antibodies. The HSV-1 and HSV-2 antibodies test could be repeated after between 8 and 12 weeks.
HERPES TREATMENT & MANAGEMENT
How can genital herpes be managed or treated?
If you are experiencing minor symptoms or only occasional episodes, you may not require or even want treatment. In the event of an outbreak this method can lessen symptoms:
- Apply an ice-pack to your sexual organs. Wrap the ice pack with a washcloth , or put it on your underwear.
- Keep your genitals dry. Wear cotton or other non-synthetic underwear and avoid wearing tight-fitting clothing. Sores that are moist take longer to heal.
- Take a bath in warm water.
- Use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) for ease discomfort.
- Wear loose-fitting clothes.
- Topical 1 or 2% of lidocaine can be utilized as a an ailment for the skin.
Antiviral medication can stop outbreaks. They can also help reduce symptoms and help make symptoms diminish more quickly. It is available by pill or via intravenous injection. If taken regularly the antivirals will help keep an outbreak from happening. They reduce the risk of passing the virus on to others.
What are the complication of Genital Herpes?
Open sores from genital herpes have nearly twice likely contract HIV as those who do not have herpes. This is a further reason to utilize condoms.
What are the effects of genital herpes on the pregnancy process?
Genital herpes does not affect fertility or the ability to get pregnant. Women who are pregnant and diagnosed with genital herpes must begin an antiviral regimen every day for the 36th week of their pregnancy to avoid infections during the delivery. If you’re suffering from an active infection, at the time of birth and you are a carrier, you could pass on the herpes virus on to your child. The Neonatal (at conception) herpes can put a baby at risk of blindness or brain damage, skin infections and even death. The doctor will recommend the procedure of a Cesarean section to reduce the chance.
Can I breastfeed safely when I’m suffering from herpes genitalis?
Yes, as it’s not an open wound on your breast or chest. If you’ve got an active outbreak during nursing it’s possible for the infection to spread to your nipples by touching. Be careful washing your hands will stop this from happening. Don’t breastfeed from a breast with herpes-related sores. The milk can be pumped till the wounds are healed. Don’t give your baby a bottle of breast milk if your pump gets in close contact with an open sore.
How can I avoid the genital herpes virus?
If you’re sexually active you should take these steps to safeguard yourself and your loved ones from herpes virus as well as other STIs:
- Monogamy is a relationship that you share with only one partner, or limit the amount of sexual partners.
- Take a test for STIs and then complete any treatment.
- Inform your sexual partners that you are suffering from genital herpes, so that they can be checked.
- Use condoms, including dental dams during oral sex.
- Clean your hands frequently If you’re experiencing an outbreak or you are around people who have symptoms.
- If you have a sexual partner who has Genital Herpes, these steps could reduce the risk of contracting the virus
- Do not have sexual relations if your partner is suffering from active symptoms. (Condoms might not be able to cover all sores, therefore you could still contract an infection.)
- Assure your partner that they take antiviral medications as directed.
- Don’t have sex before the scabs have fallen off.
HERPES PROGNOSIS / OUTLOOK
What should I do if i have herpes?
Many who find out they are suffering from herpes can feel depressed because they know they’ll be infected and pass it on to other people. However, you’re not alone. Herpes is among the most commonly reported STIs and is prevalent both in the U.S. and worldwide. If you are suffering from herpes, you must:
- Find out all you can about the disease. This information can help you control your disease and make you feel better about yourself.
- Discuss your health concerns to your physician.
If you’re suffering from herpes you may still be able to:
- You can have sex if you wear condoms condom (and/or request that your partner use condoms) and tell your partner about the illness. Some couples who only have sexual relationships with one another, might opt not to use condoms when one of them suffers from herpes. Since every situation is unique you must check with your physician whether this is the best option for you in your relationship.
- Have children. Herpes sufferers can have healthy infants. If you are suffering from herpes and want for children in the near future, you should discuss the condition with your doctor.
If you are suffering from herpes, you must also be tested in the event of HIV (AIDS) as well as different STIs (such like Syphilis, gonorrhea and Chlamydia).
LIVING WITH HERPES
What should I do if I need to call the doctor?
It is recommended to contact your health care provider If you have:
- Genital irritations or itching.
- Anal or genital blisters.
- Intercourse pain (dyspareunia).
- Urination that is painful (dysuria).
- A strange or unpleasant odorous the vaginal discharge.
- Penile or vaginal redness and soreness, or swelling.
Which questions can I be asking my doctor?
You might want to inquire with your physician:
- What is the most effective method for treating me?
- What are the possible side consequences of antiviral drugs?
- How can I lower the possibility of outbreaks in the future?
- What’s the best method to avoid a second STI?
- What can I do to protect my partner from contracting Genital Herpes?
- What should I be looking for? symptoms of illness?
A note from Iowa Women’s Health Center
Many millions of people live with the herpesvirus that causes herpes genitalis. It’s a very common STI. It’s not a reason to be embarrassed or deterred from getting medical treatment when you experience symptoms. Treatments can alleviate symptoms, decrease outbreaks, and help protect your sexual partners from the risk of infection. The virus shouldn’t have any effect on your sexual health or your relationships. However, you’ll need to inform your sexual partners that you’re suffering from the virus. Your doctor can help you discuss methods to avoid spreading the STI.